These rubrics are also available in our course Blackboard shell as well as embedded into assignment links. *Note, there may be small differences between these saved files and their embedded electronic versions. I reserve the right to update rubrics as needed but, in doing so, will not alter the intention of the assignment outcomes or expectations.
If you have questions about rubrics, my grading expectations, or have concerns about a grading mistake, please email, message, or visit my office hours. Please bring grading concerns to my attention as soon as possible.
This can be used as an example for my ENG 1001 and ENG 1002 essays. And while I’ll be specifically grading for citation sandwiches, sandwiching your evidence within your body paragraphs in the way I’ve outlined below will bring a couple key things to your academic writing:
Academic Authority:providing appropriate signal phrases and explanation will show readers that you’re using credible and relevant sources that fit within the context of your argument.
Organization:preparing readers for what is coming with a topic sentence, signal phrase, and helping them see the connections that you’ve just made with your citation examples and wrap-up sentences will help them understand the content that you’re providing them. It’s like a little mini 5-paragraph essay within your body paragraphs.
Grading:while my grading expectations include citation sandwich formatting specifically, I’ve simply named a common grading expectation the “citation sandwich” to make things more clear for students. Additionally, most IVCC English instructors use the department grading guidelines that looks for strong organization, thesis, and support within student writing, something use of citation sandwiches will generally provide your essay.
This can be used as an example for the ENG 1001 or ENG 1002 source-based essays.
Topic sentence of body paragraph. 1-3 sentences that set-up or build the paragraph’s claim. Slate Magazinemakes the claim“The great drawback to becoming a celebrated voice of a generation is that it encourages writers to believe that whatever idle thoughts drift through their minds … are automatically of interest“(Smith, Jones, and Pond). While those in previous generations were taught that children should be seen, not heard, the up and coming Generation X has generally been encouraged for individual opinions.
Things to note about this example:
The parenthetical documentation formattingof this source tells readers this article includes an author name (and the page number of the citation, when known–often this is not known on Internet source). On the Works Cited page, this entry would begin with the last name of the first author mentioned.
The use of the introductory signal phrase as well as the continued reference back to the source while including additional information helps show readers when the paraphrase begins and where it ends as well as what source provided the info/idea.
The explanation or context provided by you the student is nearly as long as the paraphrase citation, making your voice be just as strong (or stronger) than the voice of the citation.
And here’s a link to transitional language post if you’re looking for ways to provide more transition within and between your paragraphs.
This post provides direction and best practices about properly incorporating MLA paraphrase/summary citation. First there’s an example of how to incorporate a paraphrase/summary citation using proper MLA formatting and Citation Sandwich body paragraph formatting. After that, you’ll find a description of “Paraphrase Best Practice” and a “Strong vs. Weak Examples” of a paraphrase/summary citation.
Example Paraphrase/Summary with Citation Sandwich Steps
Topic sentence of body paragraph. 1-3 sentences that set-up or build the paragraph’s claim. According to an article from The Atlantic, gender expectations can be established as early as toddler years. Researchers have seen children as young as two years choosing gendered toys when given the option. The article also makes the claimthat children brought up in gender neutral environments do not show a marked difference in their choice of toys(“Kids, Gender, and The Complexity of Social Gender Norms”). It is easy to claim that parents are responsible for teaching a young girl to like pink or dolls or a young boy to like blue and trucks; however, the evidence it showing that parents can make all the effort at home to provide a neutral environment with little impact. Until the outside social exposure that children receive via television, grocery stores, day care providers, and the like becomes less gendered, there is little lasting impact parents will have.
Things to note about this example:
The parenthetical documentation formattingof this source tells readers this article does not have a given author. On the Works Cited page, this entry would begin with the “Article Title.”
The use of the introductory signal phrase as well as the continued reference back to the source (while including additional information) helps show readers where the paraphrase begins and where it ends as well as what source provided the info/idea.
The explanation or context provided by you, the student, is nearly as long as the paraphrase citation, making your voice just as strong (or stronger) than the voice of the citation.
First off, please know that it’s not thrilling to fail an essay, and I’m well aware that it’s even more upsetting to receive a failing grade. Because receiving a D or F on a formal essay makes passing one my English courses impossible for that semester, I allow students to rework such essays. However, this is a one-time opportunity that can not be repeated by the same student.
Here are my expectations and guidelines for rewriting an essay that originally received an F grade:
STEP 1: You must contact me within a week of receiving your failing grade to let me know you plan to rewrite the essay. If you turn in a rewrite without contacting me ahead of time, I will not correct it.
STEP 2:Visit the Writing Center with your assignment sheet and turn in the writing center slip with your rewritten essay.
STEP 3:Turn in both the original failed essay and your rewritten essay by the date we determine together during STEP 1.
STEP 4: Upload the rewritten essay to the original essay’s assignment link.
Part of the reason I allow students to replace a failed essay grade because I understand and appreciate that it’s not often done just because students are trying to get away with something. Often, a failed essay results from a lack of time-management, life circumstances, or a concern about asking for help. I hope that the opportunity to experience what it takes to improve your writing process and see the difference between the first process and the second process will allow students to learn from the situation WITHOUT it putting them an entire semester behind.