Direct Quote & Citation Sandwich Example

Information in this post can used as example for the ENG 1001 or ENG 1002 source-based essays. It first provides an example direct quote citation with resources, and then provides a reminder to use “citation sandwich” formatting to incorporate all your citations. For information about paraphrase/summary citation, see this post.

Direct Quote Example

A direct quote is language taken word-for-word from a source, enclosed in quotation marks. It should be incorporated into your body paragraph only after you provide a topic sentence and begin your paragraph’s claim.

Topic sentence of body paragraph. 1-3 sentences that set-up or build the paragraph’s claim. An article “Generation X and Mixed Messages” by Amy Pond, John Smith, and Rory Williams found in Slate Magazine describes how “the great drawback to becoming a celebrated voice of a generation is that it encourages writers to believe that whatever idle thoughts drift through their minds … are automatically of interest (12). While those in previous generations were taught that children should be seen, not heard, the up and coming Generation X has generally been encouraged for individual opinions; however positive this message is, many fear it is creating a generation that will be quickly disillusioned by professional expectation when individuals enter the workforce.

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Argumentation Essay

A list of the most useful Argumentation essay resources. And please note that this and the previous essay are worth more than the first two in the semester.

Assignment Resources:

Writing Prompt Option 1: Support a claim that answers whether social media is good or bad for our society.
Argument Expectations: You will choose the good side or the bad side, include one opposing viewpoint (refutation). Your essay will be a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 4 full pages.
Support: You will rely on 1-2 reputable Internet sources or personal interview to formulate your claim. Include a direct quote in each body paragraph.
Thesis is required to reference:

  • your main good or bad reasons
  • your opposing viewpoint (refutation)
Writing Prompt Option 2: Expose and argue the positive traits of a taboo or counterculture.
Argument Expectations: You will choose a counterculture or taboo, include one common negative perception (refutation). Your essay should be in third-person (allowing for plural first-person) and a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 4 full pages.
Support: You will rely on 1-2 reputable Internet sources or personal interview to formulate your claim. Include a direct quote in each body paragraph.
Thesis is required to reference:

  • 3-4 positive traits
  • common negative perception (refutation)

And don’t forget the expectations PowerPoint, the authoritative language PowerPoint, or that we discussed introduction and conclusion paragraph expectations in a PowerPoint a couple of essays ago. Be sure to check that you’ve included an opposing viewpoint paragraph; you’ll also want to verify that your introduction paragraphs for both parts:

PART 1: grounding/introductory information
PART 2: transition + thesis sentence.

Same with your conclusions:

PART 1: remind readers of your thesis points (body paragraph main points)
PART 2: show how those thesis points work together to prove your thesis.

SPRING 2017 Deadline

  • Rough Draft due Friday, April 28
  • Final Draft due Monday, May 1 (typed/printed & uploaded)

Works Cited Page Resources

Building a Works Cited page
Sample Works Cited page
NoodleTools login link is located on the IVCC Library under “Citing Sources” page

Grammar and Writing Resources

Parallel Sentence Structure
Verbs for References Sources
Pronoun Reference and Clarity
Absolute “Conclusion” Language
General Grammar Resource

Comma Resource: Sentence Punctuation Patterns
Quick Comma Guide
General Punctuation Resource
Transitional Words and Phrases
Thesaurus for word choice variety

Related Textbook chapters:

  • “Arguments,” pg. 43-47
  • “Words for Building Common Ground,” pg. 314-316

Grading Resources & Expectations

IVCC English Department Grading Standards
Grading Criteria Rubric for Writing Assignments

ENG 0900: resources for using sources

Here’s a list of useful resources while you plan and finalize the sources you want to use in your Argumentation essay.

Our library research guide that explain finding reputable Internet sources.

The WWWs_PowerPoint the librarian used during our first library session as well as a printable PDF version of the information.

And here is the WWW_Checklist we used to check the reputability of Internet sources.