This post includes information about developing body paragraphs for analytical writing. It first discusses body paragraph development and then provides expectation for how to incorporate and use citation. I consider this a foundation skill-set involved in writing successful academic evidence-based claims.
PART 1: Paragraph Development.
In order to develop/write strong, logical body paragraphs, each one needs to include 3 parts:
- Topic sentence: one sentence that lets readers know the paragraph’s main point.
- Doesn’t provide depth or example.
- Developing Sentences: 4-6 sentences, excluding citation.
- Provides the description, example, or depth that explains your paragraph’s point to readers.
- Wrap-up (with optional transition): 1-3 sentences that end your point; may begin to transition to your next topic.
This list is for ENG 1001, ENG 1002, and ENG 0900 students. It’s a compilation of many of the MLA citation and documentation resources posts to my website. You can also search my website for things like “works cited page,” the name of your essay assignment (“poetry essay” for example), citation sandwich formatting, or something of the like to see what posts show.
Citation and Documentation Resources
ENG 1001: English Composition I Resources
Citation Sandwich Expectations (how to incorporate citation into your essay body paragraphs)
Direct Quote Citation Example
Example Paraphrase Citation
Works Cited Page
This includes information for the source-based essay assignments in my ENG 1001 course. First off, here’s the main page about “Creating Works Cited Entries” link from IVCC’s Stylebook, and here’s a sample Works Cited page. Note the hanging tab (that extra indented white space before the extra lines of each entry) and how all the entries are alphabetized. Here’s how to format a hanging tab.
Works Cited Page Examples
The below examples DO NOT include hanging tab formatting (that’s a nightmare for a blog) and are categorized as library database, Issues and Controversies database, and reputable Internet source.
Be sure to check each essay assignment expectations for the minimum and maximum number of sources required.
This description is geared toward my online ENG 1001 students but can be used by ENG 0900, ENG 1002, and Literature courses, when relevant.
Logging into the Library Databases from Home
- navigate to the IVCC homepage
- below the “IVCC Students” column, click on “Library”
- click the icon that says “Academic Search Complete” (note that this direct link may or may not work)
- it’ll redirect you to a log in screen, you’ll enter 24611 + your student number + 01, and then enter your last name.
- you will then have access to research
- log in again if your computer remains idle for a long period of time or you navigate away from the library page
- NOTE: if it’s still not working, try a different web browser (Chrome instead of Firefox or Firefox instead of Internet Explorer) and make sure your computer is allowing “pop-ups” from the IVCC website
Well, if you’re reading this, it’s very likely you just received on F on one of my ENG 1001 formal essays. Know that it’s not thrilling to give an essay an F, and I’m well aware that it’s even more upsetting to receive one. Because an F on a formal essay makes passing my ENG 1001 course impossible for that semester, I am willing to work with students who are willing to make the effort to rework F-level essays. However, this is a one-time opportunity that can not be repeated by the same student.
An essay rewrite is a one-time opportunity that can not be repeated by the same student in the same semester. I have included alternative direction for online students in italics, when necessary.
Here are my expectations and guidelines for rewriting an essay that originally received an F:
STEP 1: You must contact me within a week of receiving your F to let me know you plan to rewrite the essay. If you turn in a rewrite without contacting me ahead of time, I will not correct it.
STEP 2: Visit the IVCC Writing Center with your assignment sheet and turn in the writing center slip with your rewritten essay. Online students can utilize the Online Writing Center process rather than the face-to-face process.
STEP 3: Turn in both the original F essay and your rewritten essay by the date we determine together during STEP 1. Online students will not complete this step and will jump directly to STEP 4
STEP 4: Upload the rewritten essay to the original essay’s assignment link.
Part of the reason I allow students to rewrite an F paper is because I understand and appreciate that it’s not often done just because students are trying to get away with something or simply misunderstood the assignment expectations. Often, an F paper results from a lack of time-management, life circumstances, or a concern about asking for help. I hope that the opportunity to experience what it takes to improve your writing process and see the difference between the first process and the second process, will allow students to learn from the situation WITHOUT it putting them an entire semester behind.
Students are able to rewrite one essay each semester and must choose to do so within a week of the essay being returned with feedback. When an essay is rewritten, I will average the two grades together to determine the new, replacement grade. I am willing to work with students who are willing to make the effort to rework essays that earned a lesser grade than expected for whatever reason; however, essay rewrites should go beyond simple grammar or citation updates to include updating sentence phrasing, clearer transitions between thoughts/paragraphs, better argument organization, and stronger use of quote sandwich formatting.
An essay rewrite is a one-time opportunity that can not be repeated by the same student in the same semester. I have included alternative direction for online students in italics after each step.
Here are my expectations and guidelines for turning in an essay rewrite:
STEP 1: You must contact me within a week of receiving your grade/feedback to let me know you plan to rewrite the essay. If you turn in a rewrite without contacting me ahead of time, I will not correct it.
STEP 2: Visit the IVCC Writing Center with your assignment sheet and original essay; include the writing center slip with your rewritten essay. Online students can use the Online Writing Center process instead of a face-to-face visit.
STEP 3: Turn in both the original essay and your rewritten essay by the date we determine together during STEP 1. Online students will not complete this step and will jump directly to STEP 4.
STEP 4: Upload the rewritten essay to the original essay’s assignment link.
I include expectations and guidelines because it’s not often in the professional world that you are given a second chance, but seeing that this an educational setting, I hope a second chance in this situation will provide you the opportunity to experience and reflect on the changes to your time-management, writing process, and use of student resources that resulted in a higher essay grade.
These rubrics are also available in our course Blackboard shell as well as embedded into assignment links. *Note, there may be small differences between these saved files and their embedded electronic versions. I reserve the right to update rubrics as needed but, in doing so, will not alter the intention of the assignment outcomes or expectations.
If you have questions about rubrics, my grading expectations, or have concerns about a grading mistake, please email, message, or visit my office hours. Please bring grading concerns to my attention as soon as possible.
Writing Process Rubrics
Formal Third-Person Essay Writing
Writing Process Assignments, including assignments such as freewriting, thesis/paragraph development, outling, and drafting.
Peer Review Process, includes a complete rough draft, 3 completed peer review handouts, deadline, and peer review reflection. Online and face-to-face rubrics vary.
Essay Writing Process Reflection
DB Response and Participation Rubric, geared toward online course.