MLA Resources

This list is for ENG 1001, ENG 1002, and ENG 0900 students. It’s a compilation of many of the MLA citation and documentation resources posts to my website. You can also search my website for things like “works cited page,” the name of your essay assignment (“poetry essay” for example), citation sandwich formatting, or something of the like to see what posts show.

Citation and Documentation Resources

ENG 1001: English Composition I Resources

Citation Sandwich Expectations (how to incorporate citation into your essay body paragraphs)

Direct Quote Citation Example

Example Paraphrase Citation

Works Cited Page

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Last Week of the Summer Semester?!

This is it?! The final full week of the course. I’m actively correcting Poetry Essays so those grades should be submitted by the close of the day tomorrow, Monday, July 31. I should also have most all other grades submitted at that point as well to give you all the best idea of your running grade while your finish the last week.

I’ve included both this and next week’s assignment list so you can plan ahead best if you’re hoping to turn in your research essay by the extra credit deadline. Note about extra credit: I think it’s a worthy goal but two points isn’t going to save you from rushing to turn in an incomplete essay. Better to have all your citation in order than to turn it in before proofreading and get a letter grade lower (or more) as a result.

Week 8—July 31: Revision and Course Assessment

  • Drafting Update #3 due 11:59 PM Mon.
  • Research Essay Rough Draft uploaded to group page by 11:59 PM Tues.
  • DB Response #11: Works Cited Page share due 11:59 PM Tues.
  • Peer-Review comments posted to group page by 11:59 PM Thurs.
  • Peer-review reflection due noon Friday
  • Course Reflection and Assessment due 11:59 PM Sat.


  • Research Essay 2 points Extra Credit Early Deadline noon Monday
  • Research Essay Due 11:59 PM Tues., August 8

Also, grades are due the morning of Aug. 10 so you’ll know your “fate,” so to speak fairly quickly after the essays are due. However, please contact me now and/or ASAP if you’re wondering if I’ve made a mistake on a grade or something. It’s best to get any grade questions out of the way before I input grades to “WebAdvisor” so a grade change, which can be done, won’t slow any fall course prerequisite requirements or transfer eligibility, etc. As always, email with any questions or concerns.

Research Essay Library Resources

For most students, being tasked with a research essay is always a daunting and scary task. Research can be tricky if you’re new to the expectation, so please be sure to use the resources I’m providing and reach out for assistance when needed.

NOTE: students who use these resources spend much less time worrying about, generally freaking out about, or completely redoing research, even though the video feels like a time commitment. Every semester I read student reflections about their research essays that mention they should have spent more time using the provided resources; some of them even discover them a few days before the essay due date and end up reworking their entire paper as a result.

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ENG 1002 Online Course Rubrics

These rubrics are also available in our course Blackboard shell as well as embedded into assignment links. If you have questions about rubrics, my grading expectations, or have concerns about a grading mistake, please email, message, or visit my office hours.

Please bring grading concerns to my attention as soon as possible.

English Comp. II Online Course Rubrics

Discussion Board (DB) Response and Participation Rubric

Journal Response Rubric

Peer Review Process Rubric


In-text Citation Example

This can be used as a general in-text citation example for a direct quote. But don’t forget that every citation needs to be properly incorporated into your body paragraph/essay text, whether direct, paraphrase/summary, primary, or secondary.

Below is a default in-text citation sample, one mentioning the author name and one mentioning the character in question (useful for literary criticism/analysis). Both use a story we study in ENG 1002, ENG 1003, and ENG 2013 but with a fake page number:

The girl states, “will you please please please please please stop talking” (Hemingway 525).

Hemingway writes, “will you please please please please stop talking” (525).

And this is what you do if you’re using a database source that does not have page numbers.

The author writes, “that was the best scholarly evidence about Amelia Earhart’s disappearance I had ever read” (Smith).

Smith writes, “that was the best scholarly evidence about Amelia Earhart’s disappearance I had ever read.”

Accessing IVCC Library Databases from Home

When researching from a home for computer or one that is not using IVCC’s wifi while on campus, you’ll need to “log in” before you can access the library’s research databases. Here’s the process:

  1. pull up the IVCC library homepage
  2. click on the database in which you’d like to research
  3. it’ll redirect you to a log in screen, you’ll enter 24611 + your student number + 01, and then enter your last name.
  4. you will then have access to research
  5. log in again if your computer remains idle for a long period of time or you navigate away from the library page
  6. NOTE: if it’s still not working, try a different web browser (Chrome instead of Firefox or Firefox instead of Internet Explorer) and make sure your computer is allowing “pop-ups” from the IVCC website.


Primary versus Secondary Sources

First off, this description is specific to the Fiction Essay and Poetry Essay assignments in my ENG 1002 course, both face-to-face and online. Each of those essays asks students to use primary and secondary source citation to make a critical argument about a piece of short fiction or a poem/pair of poems.

Primary Source

The short story or poetry you are analyzing in  your essay. If your essay is about Disney’s Frozen, then Frozen is your primary source.

Here is an example way in which you can incorporate a primary source citation into your essay writing.

Secondary Source

The article(s) you use to support or make your critical/analytical claims about your short story or poetry. In most academic writing, the secondary source will fall into one of two categories (these categories will vary from instructor to instructor and assignment to assignment based on the assignment and course learning outcomes at hand):

  • academic secondary source: a scholarly journal article found via IVCC’s library databases, a reputable Internet article, streaming content from a TED talk or reputable podcast, and/or a personal interview. Many instructors will allow .org or .gov sites.
  • non-academic secondary source: Internet articles that may not have all of the WWWs, sites such as Wikipedia or Wikihow, documentaries from streaming sites such as Netflix (some instructors will consider documentaries as academic), social media posts, and most general .com sites.

You are expected to know what types of secondary sources are required for each writing assignment. And here is a link to the IVCC Stylebook ‘s “Using Sources” page with additional information about finding credible sources, representing sources fairly, where to use source information, and how to balance your writing voice with that of your sources.