Example Paraphrase/Summary Citation

This can be used as an example for the ENG 1002 Poetry essay or Research essay.

Topic sentence of body paragraph. 1-3 sentences that set-up or build the paragraph’s claim. According to an article from The Atlantic gender expectations can be established as early as toddler years. Researchers have seen children as young as two years choosing gendered toys when given the option. The article also makes the claim that children brought up in gender neutral environments do not show a marked difference in their choice of toys (“Kids, Gender, and The Complexity of Social Gender Norms”). It is easy to claim that parents are responsible for teaching a young girl to like pink or dolls or a young boy to like blue and trucks; however, the evidence it showing that parents can make all the effort at home to provide a neutral environment with little impact. Until the outside social exposure that children receive via television, grocery stores, day care providers, and the like becomes less gendered, there is little lasting impact parents will have. 

Things to note about this example:

  1. The parenthetical documentation formatting of this source tells readers this article does not have a given author. On the Works Cited page, this entry would begin with the “Article Title.”
  2. The use of the introductory signal phrase as well as the continued reference back to the source while including additional information helps show readers when the paraphrase begins and where it ends as well as what source provided the info/idea.
  3. The explanation or context provided by you the student is nearly as long as the paraphrase citation, making your voice be just as strong (or stronger) than the voice of the citation. 

And here’s a link to transitional language post if you’re looking for ways to provide more transition within and between your paragraphs.

MLA Works Cited Page Resources

Here is a list of core elements required in the eight edition MLA style guidelines (from the IVCC Stylebook) as well citation resource links, citation generation links, and a sample works cited page.

Core Elements of Work Cited Entries 

Click the name of the core element for more information on it.
1.    Author.
2.    Title of source.
3.    Title of container,
4.    Other contributors,
5.    Version,
6.    Number,
7.    Publisher,
8.    Publication date,
9.    Location.

Sample Works Cited Page, from IVCC Stylebook

MLA Works Cited Page Resources

IVCC Stylebook Works Cited Page link, includes examples and links to core elements
Jacob’s Library citation page

Purdue OWL Writing Lab Works Cited page
IVCC MLA 8th Edition PowerPoint

Citation Generation Tools

Useful MLA Links


The IVCC Stylebook MLA section.

Purdue OWL Writing Lab MLA Formatting and Style Guide.

NoodleTools citation generator. If you’re accessing this off campus, use your full 14-digit IVCC ID card # and your last name to unlock NoodleTools. 14-digit will be: 24611 + purple student number + 01. Or you can type the entire number (black and purple) at the bottom of your IVCC student ID card.

Directions for citing Gale library database resources online.

MLA Header vs. Heading

Both your header and your heading need to be correct to receive full MLA style points, and many instructors will refuse to accept upper-level essays with incorrect MLA style document formatting. Even those using APA or Chicago style can benefit from learning MLA style heading and header formatting as many style use similar expectations and it will instill the instinct to check or double-check your header and heading formatting, especially when switching between MLA and APA course/essay expectations.

sample first page of an MLA style essay

Heading

  • appears on the top left of the first page of your ESSAY
  • includes your first and last name, the class, your instructor’s name, the assignment name, and the date (month, date, year order)
  • double-spaced in the upper left-hand side of your document
  • only on the first page
  • here is an example document: Example Header and Heading

Header

  • appears in the upper right-side of your essay–on all pages, including the first page and the Work Cited page
  • includes your last name and the page number of your document

 How to Add a Header, MS Word Directions:

  1. select the “insert” tab of your Word document–at the top left
  2. hover over the “page number” square (it “feels like” you should select “header” since that is what you’re trying to insert, but then you won’t have a page number) 
  3. from the drop-down menu, select the option that shows the number in the top, right side of the document
  4. type in your last name, hit the space bar
  5. double-click below the blue/gray dotted line
  6. you’re done with the header! but if you need to edit the header, double-click on it and it’ll “allow” you to change it. Then double-click below the blue dotted line again to “get back to your document”

How to Add a Header, OpenOffice Directions:

  1. go to “insert” and choose “header”
  2. type your last name in the header and while still in the header
  3. go to “insert” and choose “fields” and then choose “page number”